On May 14 of this year, the San Francisco City Council voted to ban the use of facial recognition technology by local authorities and agencies, including the police. A number of different US cities and even some states are actually contemplating following swimsuit. This important development comes after the release of a recent study by Georgetown University that found that the FBI and local law enforcement agencies are using facial recognition technology to misidentify anyone.
As a result of the trend of technology, social prejudices are fueled. Joe is not a young white male with algorithms trained on him. In August, for example, there was a major uproar in the predominantly black city of Detroit when it was revealed that police had been secretly using faulty facial recognition technology for two years. One resident called it technocracy.
Another example is 2016 research published by law enforcement agencies on the use of algorithms to predict reactions by law enforcement agencies, i.e. the likelihood of someone reoffending. It turns out that black defendants are more likely to be wrongly convicted than white defendants, while white defendants are less likely to be falsely flagged as low risk than black defendants.
was more likely. Moreover, the use of AI technology has negative implications not only for racial discrimination but also for other forms of discrimination. For example, it was recently revealed that Amazons AI recruitment tool is biased against women.
On the other hand, newspapers are full of stories about how AI can help improve lives and protect human rights. For example, in 2018 the New Delhi Police experimented with the use of facial recognition technology to reunite missing children with their families.
The trial using facial recognition technology was a major success, with police able to identify (and later re-identify) nearly 3,000 missing children in just four days. In a single different occasion, in 2008 two Danish brothers launched the web page REFUNITE to reunite refugees with their households. Expertise has reunited moms and sons, sisters and brothers, nephews and aunts.
AI and machine learning ML are poised to contribute to advances in many other areas of life, including the discovery and development of new medicines for people with disabilities, for example speech-to-text recognition and image recognition. and increasing the efficiency and clarity of renewable energy sources.
So what do these seemingly contradictory units of tales inform us about know-how and human rights? Is AI, huge information and different rising applied sciences good or unhealthy for society and rights? In fact the reply might be each. The important thing to making sure that know-how is used for good is for states to undertake regulatory frameworks that permit for the deployment (or non-deployment) of latest applied sciences which can be clear, accountable and rights-respecting.
These rising traits and questions haven’t gone unnoticed or unaddressed by the worldwide human rights neighborhood. The relationship between new technologies and the enjoyment of human rights has become an important topic of debate in the UN Human Rights Council and the broader UN Human Rights Pillar.
The difficulty of know-how and human rights is the central theme of the OHCHR’s new 2018-21 administration plan, which has been the main target of recent initiatives on the Council throughout2019 and was one of the main topics discussed at the 6th Gluon Human Rights Dialogue Gluon VI in May. . this year
As with developments in the real world, the UN works in the field of technology and seeks to address human rights threats, but also focuses on the opportunities presented by digital technology.
In her opening statement at the Council’s 41st session in June, former High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bache let drew attention to the need to address the human rights challenges posed by digital technologies as they affect every economy and society.
It changes almost all fields. The High Commissioner focused in particular on the real and potential human rights implications of spyware, a surveillance technology that can be used to monitor political opponents and state-sponsored cybercrime and warfare, claiming That said, the digital arms race is on the rise.
Council mechanisms are additionally more and more engaged on this difficulty. In one other instance, in June the Particular Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression launched a report on the specter of utilizing digital know-how to undermine democratic elections by community shutdown Dodos assaults and widespread digital disinformation and propaganda campaigns.
Relating to the latter, varied human rights actors have additionally famous the ability of digital applied sciences to catalyze and strengthen improvement. For instance, the impartial skilled on the enjoyment of all human rights of older individuals has reported that robotics, synthetic intelligence and assistive applied sciences are essential avenues for the belief of autonomy rights and the promotion of equality and non-discriminatory security and bodily integrity. Presents For a lifetime of dignity basically.
Others have noted how satellite imagery and machine learning can facilitate situational identification and monitoring of serious human rights violations, grassroots mobilization can help increase democratic participation, and government It can help promote transparency and accountability.
At the Council’s 41st session in June, Austria, Brazil, Denmark, Morocco, the Republic of Korea and Singapore adopted a new resolution on new and emerging digital technologies and human rights. The resolution is based on the recognition, as stated above, that the Council’s engagement on this issue requires both States to reduce the potential negative human rights consequences of technology and the positive use of technology to promote rights. Should help support. The resolution also takes a holistic approach to the subject, meaning it will focus on all new technologies.
The technique set out within the decision is two-fold in that the UN will first search to map the human rights implications of present and rising digital applied sciences after which develop human rights-based principles to guide states in regulating the deployment of these technologies. HRBA will aim to develop an approach.
The resolution and this strategy represent a promising sign that the Council is aware of its important role and responsibilities in this field and understands how it should best play that role.The strategy set out in the resolution is two-fold in that the UN will first seek to map the human rights implications of existing and emerging digital technologies and then develop human rights-based principles to guide states in regulating the deployment of these technologies. HRBA will aim to develop an approach.
The resolution and this strategy represent a promising sign that the Council is aware of its important role and responsibilities in this field and understands how it should best play that role.
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